Related Laws

If a victim is not located in a state where nonconsensual pornography is a crime, s/he may still be able to report the activity to the police if it is part of another crime being committed. The following is a list of crimes that nonconsensual pornography is frequently associated with:

  • Child pornography: The victim may be under the age of 18 in the image.
  • Unlawful surveillance: The victim may not have known the image was being captured.
  • Dissemination of video and images obtained through unlawful surveillance: The distributed image may be an image that was captured without the victim’s knowledge or consent.
  • Sexual assault: The image may document a sexual assault or the aftermath of one. Consider whether the victim consented to the events surrounding the capture of the image.
  • Aggravated harassment: Many offenders bother the victims in ways that amount to a course of conduct – unwelcome texting, emailing, phone calls, letters, visits to the victim’s home or workplace, contact with the victim’s friends, family, or colleagues, etc.
  • Domestic violence: Many people who are aggressive and abusive during a relationship are the same people who are aggressive and destructive after a relationship.  Also consider that some image(s)/video(s) may have been originally created within the context of an abusive relationship as a result of coercion by the abuser.
  • Cyber-stalking: The offender’s persistent conduct online may be causing the victim to fear for her/his safety.
  • Stalking: The offender’s persistent conduct offline may be causing the victim to fear for her/his safety.
  • Extortion: Some offenders threaten to release the image(s)/video(s) unless the victim does X, Y, or Z. Oftentimes the offender demands sexual favors, more image(s)/video(s) of the victim, or money.
  • Hacking: Some image(s)/video(s) that are distributed are obtained without the victim’s consent through her/his email account, computer, cell phone, online storage service, or through other technical means. Hacking laws can be triggered even if somebody known to the victim used her/his device without consent to snatch the image(s)/video(s).