Holly Jacobs, Ph.D.
Board President, Executive Director
Dr. Holly Jacobs is the Founder, President, and Executive Director of Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI). She has a BA from Boston College in Psychology, and an MS and PhD in Industrial/Organizational Psychology from Florida International University. While obtaining her PhD, Dr. Jacobs served as a statistical consultant for three and a half years, advising clients on the set-up, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of their research. Her dissertation assessed the effects that job features and personal characteristics have on work engagement through the psychological conditions of meaningfulness, safety, and availability.
While pursuing her graduate degrees, Dr. Jacobs became a victim of revenge porn when an ex-boyfriend of hers distributed explicit photos and a video of her all over the Internet. After several failed attempts to receive help from law enforcement, and discovering that there were very little resources for victims like herself, she launched the End Revenge Porn (ERP) campaign in August 2012. Through ERP, she and her colleagues have provided support to thousands of other victims like herself, brought global attention to this issue, and advocated for legislation that would criminalize this behavior. A year after ERP’s launch, Dr. Jacobs started its parent organization CCRI, whose mission is to provide resources and advocacy for victims of online harassment.
Dr. Jacobs has written articles about her experience as a victim and work as an advocate, including Being A Victim of Revenge Porn Forced Me to Change My Name--Now I’m an Activist Dedicated to Helping Other Victims and Victims of Revenge Porn Deserve Real Protection. She has also been interviewed on the Today Show, Katie Couric, Fox News, CNN, Al Jazeera, NPR, BBC, and appeared in The New York Times, The New York Observer, The Wall Street Journal, Huffington Post, The Verge, New York Magazine, the Sydney Morning Herald, Glamour, Cosmopolitan, and Grazia magazine.
Mary Anne Franks, J.D., D.Phil
Board Vice President, Legislative & Tech Policy Director
Prof. Franks is the author of several academic articles on discrimination and free speech, including Unwilling Avatars: Idealism and Discrimination in Cyberspace (2009), Sexual Harassment 2.0 (2009), The Banality of Cyber Discrimination, or, the Eternal Recurrence of September (2010), and When Bad Speech Does Good (2012). She is a frequent commentator in the media on issues of online harassment and criminal law.
Prof. Franks has worked with legislators in several states to draft legislation against non-consensual pornography, including New York, Wisconsin, and Maryland. Her model state and federal statutes on the issue are available here. Please contact Prof. Franks if you are a legislator interested in drafting a bill in your jurisdiction. View Prof. Franks' CV here.
Charlotte Laws, Ph.D.
Laws is currently the president of a legal services corporation, which provides low-cost mediations for the community. She has worked as a private investigator, as a lecturer for the FBI in Quantico, Virginia and as a weekly commentator on NBC.
Laws became the “Erin Brockovich of revenge porn” in 2012 – 2013 when she reached out to victims all over the country to help them remove or block their unauthorized photos from the Internet. She also started an FBI investigation of a notorious revenge porn website after she determined a large percentage of the photos had been hacked.
Laws assisted California State Senator Anthony Cannella with SB 255, which became law on Oct 1, 2013. She gave testimony, lobbied legislators and encouraged the Governor to sign. She is now turning her attention to a 2014 amendment to that law, which will better protect victims. If you would like to speak with Dr. Charlotte Laws, please contact her via email.
Ms. Christina Hartman is an independent consultant, supporting start-up and existing non-profits to conduct strategic planning, develop new forms of funding, and increase management capacity.
Prior to working as a consultant, Ms. Hartman served as the Director of Development for the Joyful Heart Foundation, an organization devoted to supporting survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence, and child abuse. In 2009-2012 she worked at the National Democratic Institute, where she managed and raised funds for civic education and engagement programs in Sudan and South Sudan that informed international actors of ordinary citizens' views and advanced their interests locally and globally. Before joining the Institute, Ms. Hartman was Head of Fundraising for the Public Sector (Southwest England) at The Prince's Trust, Prince Charles' flagship U.K.-based charity that helps disadvantaged youth into employment. Earlier, she spent seven years at Freedom House, a human rights organization, where she managed, raised funds for and advocated for human rights programs in nine offices across the globe, including Serbia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. Ms. Hartman also co-led the development of Freedom House's sub-Saharan Africa portfolio through the implementation of a pan-African program on ethical youth leadership and the assessment of human rights across the continent.
She is a graduate of the George Washington University and Fordham University.
Carrie Goldberg, J.D.
Ms. Carrie Goldberg is the founding attorney at C. A. Goldberg, PLLC located in Brooklyn, New York. Carrie litigates for victims in cases involving Internet privacy, sexual assault, and elder abuse in state and federal courts.
Carrie authored a guide for law enforcers applying new revenge porn statutes for CCRI, created a curriculum for training school administrators on sexting, and co-authored a guide for judges on guardianship. She has provided extensive pro bono services to CCRI and its consumers. She has lectured about exploitation, revenge porn and guardianship at the New York City Bar Association, Vassar College, Cardozo Law School,CUNY School of Law, and for the NYS Office of Court Administration. Carrie blogs about privacy, the law and sexual victimization and has been interviewed and/or featured in articles and broadcasts, including for the BBC, The Atlantic’s The Wire, Cosmo, HuffPost Live, Fox411.
Carrie’s firm litigates as of counsel for The Vera Institute of Justice. She also represents individual victims of revenge porn, unauthorized sex tapes, child pornography, Title IX discrimination, DV, and sexual assault. She can be contacted here.
Danielle Citron, J.D.
Professor Danielle Citron is the Lois K. Macht Research Professor & Professor of Law at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Affiliate Scholar at the Stanford Center on Internet & Society, and Affiliate Fellow at the Yale Information Society Project. Professor Citron is a permanent blogger at Concurring Opinions. Her work focuses on information privacy, civil rights, and administrative law. Her book Hate 3.0: A Civil Rights Agenda to Combat Discriminatory Online Harassment is forthcoming in Harvard University Press. Her book chapter “Civil Rights in the Information Age” appeared in The Offensive Internet: Speech, Privacy, and Reputation (Harvard University Press 2010). She published “Law’s Expressive Value in Combating Cyber Gender Harassment” in the Michigan Law Review in December 2009 and “Cyber Civil Rights” in the Boston University Law Review in February 2009.
In October 2011, Prof. Citron testified about online gender harassment at the House of Commons before the Inter-Parliamentary Coalition for Combatting Anti-Semitism Task Force on Internet Hate, of which she is a task force member. She has presented her work on online harassment at the National Network to End Domestic Violence, the U.S. Holocaust Museum, the Anti-Defamation League, and the International Network Against Cyber Hate, as well as at numerous universities, including Columbia, Harvard, Yale, Stanford, University of Chicago, New York University, Berkeley, University of Michigan, Fordham, and Emory. In December 2009, the Denver University Law Review devoted a conference to her work on cyber harassment entitled Cyber Civil Rights: New Challenges to Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in the Information Age.
Prof. Citron has spoken to dozens of media outlets about online harassment, including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NPR, ABC, New York Observer, Gawker, Glamour, Self, Marie Claire, Slate, and Salon. She and Professor Franks advised Maryland Delegate Jon Cardin in drafting a revenge porn bill. The bill classifies the publication of someone’s sexually explicit images without consent as a felony. If you would like to speak with Professor Citron, please contact her via email. View Prof. Citron's CV here.